Legion’s youngest Saharan motorized company

An almost unknown unit of the French Foreign Legion. An independent, autonomous motorized infantry company formed in 1955 to serve in Algeria during the Algerian War. A few months later, it became the 4th Legion Saharan Motorized Company (4e CSPL). The youngest of the four legendary Saharan motorized companies of the Foreign Legion.

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The Foreign Legion only unit ever based in Libya

A hardly known self-governing, autonomous motorized infantry unit of the French Foreign Legion, established in 1949 to guard the Fezzan region of Libya, being under the French administration. The 3rd Legion Saharan Motorized Company (3e CSPL), one of the four legendary Saharan motorized companies of the Legion. In the late 1950s, 3e CSPL left Libya to participate in the Algerian War.

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Second Saharan motorized unit of the Legion

Learn about the 2nd Legion Saharan Motorized Company (2e CSPL), an autonomous motorized infantry unit of the French Foreign Legion serving in the Algerian Sahara between the 1940s and 1960s. Very little known today, equipped with Dodges WC 4×4 and 6×6, and also by AMM8 Greyhound armored cars, it became a Saharan rapid reaction force during the Algerian War.

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Legion’s first Saharan motorized unit

Though little known today, four autonomous Saharan companies ranked among the most prestigious Foreign Legion’s units in the 1950s – 1960s. They kept the old traditions of the legionnaires riding camels through the North African desert and oasis, serving in the old cool-looking fortresses. Even the official recruiting posters of the Legion in the 1950s and 1960s portrayed Saharan units to attract new volunteers to join in. Today, the Legion’s first Saharan motorized unit will be presented here.

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The legionnaires, who built up the largest military camp in Western Europe

Legionnaires of the French Foreign Legion have kept the long tradition of their Pioneers-Sappers history. The bearded Legion’s Pioneers are a very known unit, an inseparable part of every Legion’s great parade. In the 1970s, the modern Legion’s Pioneers from the very little-known 61st Engineer-Legion Mixed Battalion (61e BMGL) participated in the construction of the largest military camp in Western Europe: Camp de Canjuers. See the 61e BMGL’s rare images & history.

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Have you ever heard of the GPLEM?

The GPLEM is an acronym of a very little-known independent motorized infantry unit of the French Foreign Legion, the Moroccan Foreign Legion Motorized Group. The group served in Morocco (Africa) for 10 years, after the end of World War II. The GPLEM originated in the autonomous mounted and motorized Legion units being left in Morocco in 1943, while Legion infantry regiments were disbanded and its legionnaires formed the Foreign Legion Regimental Combat Team (RMLE) in Algeria, for the purpose of joining the fights in Europe. See the GPLEM history & images.

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