Foreign Legion events: June 21 – 30

See most important events in the French Foreign Legion’s history. Battles, deployments, operations, establishments or dissolutions of units… Today, you can read about the interesting historical data of the Legion which occurred between June 21 and June 30.

 

French Foreign Legion: June 21

1915, during the Gallipoli Campaign (or Dardanelles Campaign) of World War I, in which French and British troops fought against Ottomans (Turks), the French launched an attack in the Kereves spur of Cape Helles on the Gallipoli peninsula, the European part of today’s Turkey
– only Battalion Legion of 1er RMA (African Regimental Combat Team) was successful and legionnaires seized Turkish positions

1916, a French convoy, guarded by legionnaires from 6th Battalion, 2e RE (future 2e REI) was attacked by local rebels at Djebel Boulaknine, a mountain range in the Taza region of northern Morocco
– during the fierce battle, legionnaires had to launch three counter-attakcs with fixed bayonetes to fight off the enemy
– the battalion lost 3 legionnaires + 2 men were wounded

1951, Operation Ramadan ended
– the operation took place near An Nhon Tay, close to then Saigon, southern Vietnam, then French Indochina between June 20-21
– 1st Battalion of 13e DBLE was involved in
– 50 Viet Minh rebels were killed during the oparation

1956, 2e REI started to leave Morocco (which gained its independence)
– 1st Battalion of 2e REI left Morocco for Tunisia, but was sent to Algeria finally, to join the Algerian War
– 2e REI was based in Algeria after 36 years

– on the picture, 1st Battalion of 2e REI in Morocco, 1956

 

French Foreign Legion: June 22

1871, legionnaires participating in the Franco-Prussian War and in restoring order during the Paris Commune, arrived back to their barracks at Mascara, Algeria

1940, Armistice of 22 June 1940
– the armistice was signed by defeated France and Nazi Germany
– it ended the Battle of France (May-June) of WWII
– in the Battle, thousands of legionnaires participated in and many of them died

– the same day of 1940, 13e DBMLE (future 13e DBLE), having left France, was based at Trentham, a village near the city of Stoke-on-Trent, England

1950, Operation Normandie
– the operation took place at Plaine des Joncs in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam, then French Indochina, between June 20-24
– legionnaires from 13e DBLE and 2nd Squadron, 1er REC, equiped with M29 Weasel tracked vehicles nicknamed “Crabs”, were involved in
– that day, one officer + 4 legionnaires of 1er REC were killed
– 3 legionnaires from 1er REC were seriously wounded

– the same day of 1950, legionnaires from 2e BEP (Parachute Battalion, later 2e REP) participated in an operation in Laos, then French Indochina
– during a firefight with the Viet Minh, 5 legionnaires were killed

– on the picture, 1er REC legionnaires in French Indochina with a M29 Weasel tracked vehicle, nicknamed “Crab”

 

French Foreign Legion: June 23

1946, Battle of Vinh Loc
– the battle took place in the Gia Dinh region, in the Vinh Loc district of then Saigon, southern Vietnam, then French Indochina
– 2nd Company, 1st Battalion, 13e DBLE participated in
– 100 rebels were killed, 80 imprisoned
– it was one of the first serious battles for 13e DBLE in Indochina (the unit landed there 3 months earlier)

– also in 1946, a French convoy, guarded by legionnaires from 2nd Battalion, 3e REI, was attacked by the Viet Minh near Mo Cay, Ben Tre region, southern Vietnam
– the enemy was successfully fought off

1958, Operation Bordeaux
– the operation took place at Djebel Hamza in the Tlemcen region, northwestern Algeria
– 3rd Battalion of 5e REI was involved in
– 11 rebels were killed, 1 rebel imprisoned

– on the picture, 5e REI legionnaires in the Tlemcen region of Algeria, 1958

 

French Foreign Legion: June 24

1832, the first regimental flag of the Foreign Legion arrived in Algeria with Colonel Combes, the new commanding officer of the Legion

1857, Battle of Icheriden
– the famous battle took place close to Icheriden, a village in the Kabylie region, northern Algeria
– French troops, including two battalions of the 2nd Foreign Regiment, were attacked by 4,000 local rebels
– legionnaires launched a counter-attack and fought off the enemy
– several hundreds of rebels were killed

1859, Battle of Solferino
– the allied French Army and Sardinian Army against the Austrian Army
– some 300,000 soldiers fought in the battle, including legionnaires from 2nd Foreign Regiment
– the French + Sardinians won the battle

1893, Company Soudan returned to the then HQ of the Legion at Sidi Bel Abbes, Algeria
– the company took part in the Dahomey Campaign
– Dahomey was an African kingdom, located in the area of today’s Benin, a country in West Africa

1950, Operation Normandie ended
– the operation took place at Plaine des Joncs in the Mekong Delta region of southern Vietnam, then French Indochina, between June 20-24
– legionnaires from 1er REC + 13e DBLE + two engeneering units were involved in
– during the operation, over 150 Viet Minh rebels were killed
– 10 rebels were imprisoned

1959, during the Algerian War, an operation for legionnaires from 2e REP near Sidi Salem, northern Algeria
– 29 rebels were killed, 10 rebels were imprisoned

– on the picture, 2e REP legionnaires during an operation in northern Algeria, 1959

 

French Foreign Legion: June 25

1916, legionnaires from 1st Battalion, 1er RE got involved in a battle with local rebels in the Taza region, northern Morocco
– an officer + several legionnaires were wounded

1940, 12e REI (Foreign Infantry Regiment) was disbanded
– 12e REI was a provisional unit established for fighting in France
– the unit was organized at Camp La Valbonne, France in February 1940
– composed of 3 battalions (2,800 men), 12e REI consisted of French reservists (officers + NCOs), Spanish republicans (30%), mobilized foreigners living in France (30%, German and Polish Jews in the majority) and some dozens of legionnaires (NCO cadres) sent to France from Africa
– the regiment participated in the Battle of France in May-June 1940
– when the Armistice of 22 June 1940 was signed between France and Nazi Germany, 12e REI had only 300 combat-ready men

– on the picture, 12e REI parading in France, 1940

 

French Foreign Legion: June 26

1899, Battle at Ankaramena
– a battle in Madagascar for 5th Company, Foreign Legion Task Force
– legionnaires were attacked by local rebels
– one legionnaire killed, several were seriously wounded by arrows

1916, close to Ouled Embareck in the Tadla region of central Morocco, legionnaires from 2nd Battalion, 1er RE were two times attacked by Moroccan rebels
– the enemy was fought off
– an officer + a legionnaire were wounded

1921, a French composite Mobil Group, including 1st Battalion of 4e RE (future 4e REI), occupying Djebel Hayane in the Khenifra region, northern Morocco, was attacked by Moroccan rebels
– the enemy suffered heavy casualties and was quickly fought off

1946, during a patrol, a heavily outnumbered group of Sergeant Rock from 2nd Battalion, 3e REI was attacked by the Viet Minh near Cai Mit, Ben Tre region of the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam, then French Indochina
– after several hours of fighting, Sergeant Rock and his 5 legionnaires were killed

– on the picture, 3e REI legionnaires in French Indochina

 

French Foreign Legion: June 27

1941, while defending an important position at Merdjayoun, southern Lebanon during the Syria-Lebanon Campaign, 3rd Battalion of 6e REI was attacked by British forces
– legionnaires successfully defended their position

1954, 17th Squadron of 1er REC (Cavalry Regiment) was attacked by the Viet Minh in the Tourane region of central Vietnam, then French Indochina
– the enemy was fought off

1958, an operation for legionnaires from 2e REC between June 26-27
– the operation took part in the Negrine region of southern Algeria, close to the border with Tunisia
– during the operation, 61 rebels were killed
– 54 rebels were imprisoned

– on the picture, an outpost of 2e REC in the Negrine region, June 1958

 

French Foreign Legion: June 28

1835, Battle of Macta
– along the Macta river in the Oran region of north-western Algeria, a French military column headed by General Trézel was attacked by Berber rebels of Abd El Kader
– the column was composed of around 2,500 men, including legionnaires from 4th Battalion (Polish) and 5th Battalion (Italians) of the Foreign Legion
– the French lost 262 men, 308 were wounded

1947, 2nd Battalion, 4e DBLE (Half-Brigade, future 4e REI) landed in Madagascar, Indian Ocean
– in next months, its legionnaires will restore order in this part of the French colonial empire

1948, a week-long operation ended for Parachute Company of 3e REI (the very first airborne unit within the Legion) in the Quang Uyen region of northern Vietnam, then French Indochina, close to the border with China
– during the operation, the company lost 5 legionnaires,
– about 20 legionnaires were wounded

1952, a battle with the Viet Minh for 10th Company, 3rd Battalion, 2e REI near Than Ne, in the Thai Binh region, northern Vietnam, then French Indochina

– on the picture, 2e REI legionnaires during an operation in French Indochina

 

French Foreign Legion: June 29

1899, a battle at Ambararatra, Madagascar for 1st + 3rd Companies of the Foreign Legion Task Force
– legionnaires, serving as a recce unit for a French military column, were attacked by local rebels
– Captain Delavau (1st Company’s commander) + 2 legionnaires were killed
– several legionnaires were wounded

1915, close to Aid Ben Abslat in the Taza region of northern Morocco, legionnaires from 2nd Battalion, 1er RE were attacked by Moroccan rebels
– the enemy was fought off
– a legionnaire was killed, 4 legionnaires wounded

1916, in the M’coun region of northern Morocco, 1st Company, 1st Battalion, 1er RE got involved in fighting with local rebels
– an officer + 2 legionnaires were wounded

1952, fierce fighting with the Viet Minh for legionnaires from 2nd Battalion, 13e DBLE near Phu Hau, in the Tonkin Delta, northern Vietnam, then French Indochina

1958, several operations for 3rd Battalion, 5e REI between June 29-30
– the operations took part near Turenne, in the Tlemcen region of north-western Algeria
– 13 rebels were killed, several rebels imprisoned

– on the picture, a legionnaire of 5e REI, wounded during an operation in the Tlemcen region of Algeria, 1958…

 

French Foreign Legion: June 30

1940, some 800 legionnaires of then 13e DBMLE (Provisional Half-Brigade, later 13e DBLE) left England to return back to Morocco, to rejoin the Foreign Legion, after the Battle of France ended and the Armistice of 22 June 1940 between France and Germany was signed
– the remaining 800-900 legionnaires of 13e DBMLE (Spanish republicans, Poles, Czechs or Jews in the majority, joining the Legion in 1938-39 to escape Hitler’s control) stayed in England and helped to form the Free French Forces of General De Gaulle

1949, Operation Alpha for legionnaires from 2e BEP (Parachute Battalion, later 2e REP)
– they were dropped over Cap Saint-Jacques south of then Saigon, southern Vietnam, then French Indochina
– during the operation, two Viet Minh military bases were destroyed

1955, the legendary 6e REI, nicknamed as Regiment of Levant (today’s Syria and Lebanon), was disbanded
– reactivated in 1949 and based as the only Foreign Legion unit in Tunisia during the First Indochina War to maintain order there, it was reduced to a single battalion in 1951
– its legionnaires consolidated with 2e REI and formed its new 3rd Battalion
– in 1984, the newly created 6e REG (1er REG now) adopted its history and traditions

1957, Operation Alpha 3 for legionnaires of 2e REP during the Algerian War
– the operation took place near Douar M’Chat and Beni Ferguene, in the El Milia region of north-eastern Algeria between June 21-30
– during the operation, 13 rebels were killed
– almost 50 firearms were captured

1960, Operation Mouette
– 3e REI legionnaires participated in the operation in the Aures mountains, northern Algeria
– 22 rebels were killed

1984, a very little-known CRTRLE (Foreign Legion Road Building Reinforced Company) was disbanded
– established in 1978, it conducted road building tasks, mainly in the then largest military camp of Western Europe, Camp Canjeurs
– CRTRLE was composed of around 240 cadres and legionnaires, equipped with 300 engineering engines and vehicles
– the company was said to be the largest company within the French Army
– next day, on July 1, its legionnaires helped to form a new Foreign Legion engineering unit – 6e REG, today’s 1er REG

2000, the famous 5e RE, nicknamed as Regiment of Tonkin (today’s northern Vietnam), was disbanded
– established in 1930 as 5e REI, the regiment served from 1963 in French Polynesia to build and guard the French nuclear testing site and to fulfil other construction and security tasks there

– on the picture, 5e RE in French Polynesia in the 1980s

 

Related posts:
Foreign Legion events: June 11 – 20
Foreign Legion events: June 01 – 10
Foreign Legion events: May 21 – 31
Foreign Legion events: May 11 – 20
French Foreign Legion history